Using a Theme
In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to use Gatsby themes by creating a new site using the official Gatsby blog theme.
- A Gatsby site
Note: This tutorial assumes you already have a Gatsby site to install your theme in. If you’d prefer to start with an entirely new site you can run
gatsby new my-blog https://github.com/gatsbyjs/gatsby-starter-blog-themeto set up a starter with the blog theme already installed.
Navigate to the root of your project inside your terminal and install the theme with the following command:
gatsby-config.js file, add
gatsby-theme-blog. This theme takes optional dependencies that you can find in the README. However, you won’t need to use them here.
Note: If you already have a landing page set up for your site, you may want to make use of the
basePathoption that will put your blog listing page at a path other than
/, such as
Customize the information on your site by replacing the site metadata in the
gatsby-config.js file. Your
siteUrl should point to your public domain. It’s ok if you don’t have one yet, you can update it later.
Before you can see anything, you’ll want to add some content so there is something to show.
By default, the posts are expected in the
/content/posts directory, so create those folders and add a
my-post.md file. Your file structure should look something like this.
my-post.md is treated as an MDX file. When using this theme, you can use
mdx extensions interchangeably.
Inside that Markdown file, add content. The top section is called frontmatter and
date are required fields.
To make sure everything is working, run your site. This command should be run in your terminal in your project’s root directory.
http://localhost:8000 to see the landing page of your site.
At the moment, the bio on your pages shows a blank section where a picture should be. Add your own avatar by choosing the image you want, and overwriting the file located at
When using Gatsby themes, you can take advantage of something called component shadowing. This allows you to override the default component included in the theme with a custom one you’ve created.
The Gatsby blog theme package has a component that contains the content of the site author’s biography. The file path to that component (in the blog theme package, not your site) is
src/gatsby-theme-blog/components/bio-content.js. You can find this path by looking through the theme in your site’s
If you look at the file tree of your site, you’ll see it looks something like this:
src directory of the site, there’s a
gatsby-theme-blog directory. Any file placed in that directory with a path that matches the path of a file in the blog theme directory will completely shadow the theme.
💡 The name of the directory (here
gatsby-theme-blog) must exactly mirror the name of the published theme package, which in this case is
Open up the
bio-content.js file and make some content edits:
At this point, you should have an updated avatar, updated site details, and an updated bio. You may want to re-run
gatsby develop to make sure everything looks good.
The blog theme uses
gatsby-plugin-theme-ui to style your site. There are a number of presets available for you to make use of, or you can make your own!
If you want to use a preset take a look at the Theme UI preset listing.
You’re going to use
@theme-ui/preset-funk. To start, you have to install it.
Next, update your
gatsby-config.js file to pass in the preset package name.
If you want to further customize this theme you can shadow it. Create a file at
These colors will merge with the preset theme and override that part of the preset.
Another option you can make use of is prism styling for code blocks. There are many available from Theme UI.
In this example you’ll use
prism-okaidia. Update your
gatsby-config.js file with that option.
When you restart your development server you’ll see new syntax highlighting in your code snippets.
Fire up your development server by running
gatsby develop again in your terminal. Navigate to
http://localhost:8000 and take a look at your blog listing page.
This was a step-by-step introduction to using a Gatsby theme through looking at a specific example. Note that different themes will be built differently, to accept different customization options. To dive deeper, check out the Gatsby Theme docs.