Migrate to Netlify Today

Netlify announces the next evolution of Gatsby Cloud. Learn more

Testing React Components

The recommended testing framework is Jest. This guide assumes that you followed the Unit testing guide to set up Jest and that you are using Jest 29 or above.

The @testing-library/react by Kent C. Dodds has risen in popularity since its release and is a great replacement for enzyme. You can write unit and integration tests and it encourages you to query the DOM in the same way the user would. Hence the guiding principle:

The more your tests resemble the way your software is used, the more confidence they can give you.

It provides light utility functions on top of react-dom and react-dom/test-utils and gives you the confidence that refactors of your component in regards to the implementation (but not functionality) don’t break your tests.


Install the library as one of your project’s devDependencies. Optionally you may install jest-dom to use its custom jest matchers.

Create the file setup-test-env.js at the root of your project. Insert this code into it:

This file gets run automatically by Jest before every test and therefore you don’t need to add the imports to every single test file.

Lastly you need to tell Jest where to find this file. Open your jest.config.js and add this entry to the bottom after setupFiles:

Please note: The testEnvironment default is node. If you don’t want to switch it globally you can use a @jest-environment comment, see testEnvironment docs.


Let’s create a little example test using the newly added library. If you haven’t done so already, read the unit testing guide. There are a lot of options when it comes to selectors, this example chooses getByTestId here. It also utilizes toHaveTextContent from jest-dom:

Start building today on Netlify!
Edit this page on GitHub
© 2023 Gatsby, Inc.