Working with Images in Markdown & MDX
When building Gatsby sites composed primarily of markdown or MDX, insertion of images can enhance the content. You can add images in multiple ways which will be explained below. If you’re new to Gatsby we recommend checking out the main tutorial first. The instructions also assume that you already have an existing Gatsby site running with either markdown or MDX.
- A Gatsby project set up. (Need help creating one? Follow the Quick Start)
- Either markdown or MDX support added to your site. Follow the MDX instructions or markdown instructions.
In sites like a blog, you may want to include a featured image that appears at the top of a page. One way to do this is to grab the image filename from a frontmatter field and then transform it with
gatsby-plugin-sharp in a GraphQL query.
If you want to have a very detailed explanation of this, head to part 7 of the Gatsby tutorial. The tutorial uses MDX, the instructions below will use markdown for the most part. It more or less behaves the same though.
To start out, install the necessary plugins for gatsby-plugin-image.
Then, configure the various plugins in the
If your images are in the same directory as the markdown files, sourcing and resolving the images can be done in one configuration. For example, if your markdown files and images are located together in a
src/content directory, both content types will be automatically picked up by GraphQL as part of Gatsby’s data layer.
Then, in an example markdown file, add a field called
The next step will be to incorporate the data into a template with a GraphQL query, which can be found later in this guide.
There are also occasions when you may want to source images from a different directory than where your markdown posts or pages are located, such as in an external
/images folder. You can set this up by specifying two distinct sources, one for the markdown files and the other for images:
Then, in a markdown file, the path to a
featuredImage would be relative to the page file (in this case, in an
/images directory up a level):
Now that you’ve sourced markdown and image data, you can query for featured images in GraphQL. If a filepath points to an actual image, it will be transformed into a
File node in GraphQL and then you can get the image data out of it by using the
This can be added to the GraphQL query in a markdown template file. In this example, a Dynamic image is used to make a responsive image. The query below might be different to what you have in your blog post template, however the highlighted section will be relevant nevertheless:
In the blog post template, import the
gatsby-plugin-image package and pass the results of the GraphQL query into an
<GatsbyImage /> component.
The code example above is just an example, adjust the
<GatsbyImage /> portion to how you’d want to use it in your template.
You may also include images in the markdown/MDX body itself. The plugin gatsby-remark-images comes in handy for this.
Start out by installing
Configure the plugins in your
gatsby-config file. As with the previous example, either markdown or MDX can be used.
gatsby-remark-images plugin within the
plugins option field of
gatsby-remark-images needs to be a sub-plugin of
gatsby-plugin-mdx, included in the
With the configurations above, you can use the default markdown syntax for images. They will be processed by sharp and appear as if you placed them in a