ob-frontend is a headless WordPress starter theme built with Gatsby.
Table of contents
- Core Dependencies
- Directory Structure
- Performance Tests
- Quick Start
- Deploy with Netlify
ob-frontend is a modern implementation of the WordPress frontend as a single-page application (SPA). This template, developed and packaged as a Gatsby starter, is a solution for developers looking for the ease-of-use and flexibility that comes with using WordPress as a CMS, paired with the familiar development experience and modern UI features of a React/GraphQL implementation. The ob-frontend Gatsby Starter attempts to closely mirror many of the core features and functionality of the familiar WordPress UI, such as nested comments, post sidebar layout, and a mailing list widget.
View a live demo of this application here.
- Post, page, and comment list functionality supported by Apollo client.
- Modern UI powered by Bloomer React components for Bulma.
- Feature-rich design capabilities supported by Sass.
- Dynamic support for changing theme colors.
- Support for featured posts on homepage.
- Mailing list integration with Mailchimp.
- Functionality for searching posts.
- Support for threaded (nested) comments 2 levels deep.
- Functionality for posting top-level (parent) comments.
- Functionality for adding replies to nested (child) comments.
- Mobile-first responsive design.
- Pagination support.
- WordPress backend (tested with 5.5)
- WPGraphQL (tested with 0.11).
- Node.js (tested with 14.02).
- Gatsby CLI (tested with 2.12.21)
- GraphQL (tested with 15.0)
- Apollo Client (tested with 2.6.10)
📂 src ├──📂 apollo # Apollo Client integration ├──📂 comments # comment functionality for posts ├──📂 components # layout and SEO components ├──📂 images # local site images ├──📂 mailchimp # mailing list integration ├──📂 pages # all site pages ├──📂 search # search and retrieve posts by query ├──📂 styles # SCSS for styling └──📂 templates # dynamically generate posts and pages
1. Deploy a WordPress backend
This starter theme relies on a WordPress backend from which to fetch data related to WordPress posts, pages, comments, etc. You can deploy the WordPress backend using the hosting provider of your choice. Before moving to step 2, you must complete the following things:
- Your WordPress backend must be populated with one of each of the following: a post, a page, a comment, and a featured image.
- A tag of featured must be added to any posts you want to appear on the Featured Posts section of the homepage.
2. Configure a domain name
Configure a domain name for your WordPress backend (with HTTPS). In this example, the WordPress backend is served from a subdomain (cms.example.com), and the WordPress frontend (ie. ob-frontend) is served from the root domain (example.com). Serving the WordPress backend from a subdomain is optional, however, you will need to change the SOURCE_URL environment variable to match the URL of your WordPress backend.
3. Create a Gatsby site
Use the Gatsby CLI to create a new site, specifying the ob-frontend starter.
# Create a new Gatsby site using the ob-frontend starter gatsby new blog https://github.com/onepagezen/ob-frontend
4. Create environment variable files
This theme relies heavily on enivronment variables in order to get up and running quickly. After creating the site using the Gatsby CLI (step 3), run the following commands to configure the environment variables for your site:
# Navigate into your new site's directory cd ob-frontend # Create .env files for both the development and production environments touch .env.development .env.production
5. Add development environment variables
Add the following environment variables to your .env.development file, making sure to replace example.com with your own domain name, and MAILCHIMP_ENDPOINT with the form action URL of your MailChimp mailing list:
SITE_URL=https://localhost:8000 BASE_URL=cms.example.com BASE_URL_PROTOCOL=https SOURCE_URL=https://cms.example.com REPLACEMENT_URL=localhost:8000 GATSBY_CLIENT_URL=https://cms.example.com/graphql MAILCHIMP_ENDPOINT=https://example.us17.list-manage.com/subscribe/post?u=0893ac8473c98fa98eeef3fd5&id=f4cbbd81d6
6. Add production environment variables
Add the following environment variables to your .env.production file, making sure to replace example.com with your own domain name, and MAILCHIMP_ENDPOINT with the endpoint of your Mailchimp mailing list:
SITE_URL=https://example.com BASE_URL=cms.example.com BASE_URL_PROTOCOL=https SOURCE_URL=https://cms.example.com REPLACEMENT_URL=example.com GATSBY_CLIENT_URL=https://cms.example.com/graphql MAILCHIMP_ENDPOINT=https://example.us17.list-manage.com/subscribe/post?u=0893ac8473c98fa98eeef3fd5&id=f4cbbd81d6
7. Deploy the application
We recommend deploying ob-frontend to Netlify, as it integrates well with Gatsby. To deploy to Netlify, follow the instructions in the Deploy to Netlify section of this README.
Deploy to Netlify
1. Deploy the site
Use the Deploy with Netlify button to quickly deploy a website based on this starter:
2. Configure environment variables
When deploying with Netlify, make sure to add the production environment variables to your Netlify build environment. One option is to add them in your site dashboard under Settings > Build & deploy > Environment > Environment variables.
- Gatsby Starter Bloomer by Zlutfi
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- Overview - Guide to Gatsby WordPress Starter Advanced with Previews, i18n and more by Henrick Wirth
- Creating a Gatsby Front-End with a WordPress CMS by Raquel Smith
- Build an App Using React and the GraphQL Plugin for WordPress in ~15mins by Kellen Mace
- How To Build A Blog with WordPress and Gatsby.js by Tim Smith
|The MIT License (MIT)|
Copyright (c) 2016-2020 One Page Zen Systems, LLC
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the “Software”), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
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