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Hi Folks!

Are you trying to build a multi language gatsby website?

We want to help you! Please open an issue for help, suggestions or bugs.

You can use this plugin with react-intl, i18next, or any other i18n library. This plugin do not translate messages, it just creates routes for each language, and you can use different layouts for each language if you want to.

How it works

Name your files with .langKey.js and the url will be /langKey/path/fileName


file url
src/pages/about.en.js /en/about
src/pages/about/index.en.js /en/about
src/pages/blog/gatsby-i18n.pt.md /pt/blog/gatsby-i18n


Google! Google needs different URLs to crawl and render your pages for each language.


Websites built with Gatsby i18n:



  • gatsby-starter-default-i18n DEMO, features:
    • automatic browser-language detection and redirection
    • integration with react-intl FormattedMessage with translation keys
    • custom layout and pages per language
    • language switcher component

  - dev mode with HMR - build deployed to Netlify



  yarn add gatsby-plugin-i18n

How to use

Include the plugin in your gatsby-config.js file.

Simple configuration example:

// Add to gatsby-config.js
plugins: [
      resolve: 'gatsby-plugin-i18n',
      options: {        
        langKeyDefault: 'en',
        useLangKeyLayout: false

Blog using markdownRemark configuration example:

// Add to gatsby-config.js
plugins: [
      resolve: 'gatsby-plugin-i18n',
      options: {        
        langKeyDefault: 'en',
        useLangKeyLayout: false,
        markdownRemark: {
          postPage: 'src/templates/blog-post.js',
          query: `
              allMarkdownRemark {
                  edges {
                  node {
                      fields {

All Options

  • langKeyDefault:

langKey to use when no langKey specified.

  • useLangKeyLayout:

    true: use a different layout for each langKey (src/layouts/en.js, src/layouts/pt.js, …)

    false: use default layout (src/layouts/index.js)

  • markdownRemark:

    Add markdownRemark if you are using gatsby-transformer-remark.

    You can set a postPage component and a query to get the pages.

  • langKeyForNull: langKey added to page context and graphql when no langKey specified. Default: any.

  • pagesPaths: If you are not using just /src/pages/ folder, you can add an array with the folders your are using:

       //... other plugins
       resolve: 'gatsby-plugin-i18n',
         options: {        
           //.. other options
           pagesPaths: [ '/my/custom/pages/folder1', /my/custom/pages/folder2/ ]
  • prefixDefault:

    true: add langKey on all pages, including default

    false: omit langKey in url when page lang is the default. Ex: when langKeyDefault is en, blog/first-post.en.md and blog/first-post.pt.md will have the following urls:

    • /blog/first-post
    • /pt/blog/first-post

    Default: true


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Good luck folks! Open an issue if you need help.

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