gatsby-source-s3

A Gatsby plugin to source objects and images from AWS S3.

Getting started

Gatsby setup

Install the plugin:

# with npm
npm install @robinmetral/gatsby-source-s3
# with yarn
yarn add @robinmetral/gatsby-source-s3

Declare it in your gatsby-config.js, making sure to pass your AWS credentials as environment variables:

// gatsby-config.js
require("dotenv").config();

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: `@robinmetral/gatsby-source-s3`,
      options: {
        aws: {
          accessKeyId: process.env.AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID,
          secretAccessKey: process.env.AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY,
          region: process.env.AWS_REGION,
        },
        buckets: ["my-bucket", "my-second-bucket"],
      },
    },
  ],
};

AWS setup

You can use the plugin both with private and public buckets.

We recommend creating an IAM user to use with this plugin, and attach an IAM policy to access specific buckets.

The policy needs to allow ListBucket on buckets and GetObject on bucket contents (/*). For example:

{
  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Action": ["s3:ListBucket"],
      "Resource": [
        "arn:aws:s3:::gatsby-source-s3-example",
        "arn:aws:s3:::gatsby-source-s3-example-2"
      ]
    },
    {
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Action": ["s3:GetObject"],
      "Resource": [
        "arn:aws:s3:::gatsby-source-s3-example/*",
        "arn:aws:s3:::gatsby-source-s3-example-2/*"
      ]
    }
  ]
}

Querying S3 objects

S3 objects can be queried in GraphQL as “s3Object” or “allS3Object”:

query AllObjectsQuery {
  allS3Object {
    nodes {
      Key # the object's key, i.e. file name
      Bucket # the object's bucket name on S3
      LastModified # the date the object was last modified
      Size # the object's size in bytes
      localFile # the local file node for image objects processed with sharp (see below)
    }
  }
}

Processing images with sharp

Any images in your bucket(s) will be downloaded by the plugin and stored as local file nodes, to be processed with gatsby-plugin-sharp and gatsby-transformer-sharp.

If you don’t have them yet, you will need to add the sharp plugin and transformer to your Gatsby site:

# with npm
npm install gatsby-plugin-sharp gatsby-transformer-sharp
# with yarn
yarn add gatsby-plugin-sharp gatsby-transformer-sharp
// gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    // ...
    `gatsby-plugin-sharp`,
    `gatsby-transformer-sharp`,
  ],
};

You can then query the processed images with GraphQL:

query AllImagesQuery {
  images: allS3Object {
    nodes {
      Key
      localFile {
        childImageSharp {
          fluid(maxWidth: 1024) {
            ...GatsbyImageSharpFluid
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

And use them with gatsby-image:

import Img from "gatsby-image";

const Image = ({ s3Object }) => (
  <Img fluid={s3Object.localFile.childImageSharp.fluid} />
);

Thanks

This plugin was initially based on Dustin Schau’s gatsby-source-s3 and influenced by Jesse Stuart’s TypeScript gatsby-source-s3-image.